New Jersey Septic Service Company
Some properties are connected to city sewers and some have what is called a septic system. This is a large tank that is connected to the property to collect all the sewage from the business or home. The size of the tank installed will be judged on how many people occupy the space and whether it will have heavy usage or not. The lifetime of a tank is usually around twenty years as long as it is maintained properly. This includes having your septic tank pumped out regularly (how often, depends on usage) and being cognizant not to send items down the pipes that could be damaging to the system. Some examples include: oil, diapers, cigarette butts, coffee grounds, and many more. Take the time to educate yourself about your septic system so that you can be knowledgeable about how to properly care for it.
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What is a septic system and how does it work?
A septic system consists of a few parts. There are drainage pipes from your home in which all water and sewage merge into one pipe. This plumbing pipe leads to the outdoor underground septic tank found on your property. This watertight tank can be made from fiberglass, concrete, or polyethylene. Inside of this tank is where the work really happens. Most of the tank is filled with a liquid waste known as effluent. Bacteria called anaerobic begins to break down the organic material found in the effluent. Due to gravity, the solids known as sludge which is really the inorganic material, fall to the bottom of the tank. Scum which is made up of oils and grease floats to the top. The effluent flows out the outlet pipe to a drain field which is also found underground on your property. A filter blocks the sludge and the scum from leaving. The outlet pipe has perforations along the way, allowing the effluent to seep out into the drain field. A drain field is a large area allowing the water to seep slowly and safely into the ground and mix with fresh clean water. As long as all parts of the system are working you should not even realize that it exists, but if any part of the system fails, water and sewage may begin to backup and you may see puddles on the ground around your home. It may also back up into your sinks and toilets. A sign of such a scenario beginning to occur can be the odor of waste starting to smell inside of the building. A professional septic contractor like All Septic of New Jersey must be contacted immediately to stop the breakdown of the entire septic system and to do a septic service or septic repair on your tank.
How to Maintain a Septic System?
What are the things you need to be careful of when using a septic tank?
Never flush items that can not be organically broken down into a septic tank. In addition to that, do not use harmful chemical-laden cleaners since these can also harm your septic system. Some examples of harmful items are diapers, tampons, sanitary tissues, cigarette butts, coffee grounds, oil, paper towels, paint, bleach, baby wipes, hair, and more.
Also, using a lot of water in a small time period can cause the tank to flush too fast thereby backing up the system. Be mindful of the fact that showering, doing laundry, and washing the dishes all within a short time span can cause a preventable backup.
What are some problems that can crop up when owning a septic tank system? Any septic issues that occur can be handled with a little septic service or septic repair by a professional septic contractor like All Septic of New Jersey.
The soil on top of the drain field can become too compacted. This can happen when cars or heavy machines are parked atop the drain field. This will deprive the very important bacteria of crucial oxygen it needs to do its job of breaking down the organic materials in the effluent.
Another issue that comes up is the filter from the tank to the outlet pipes get clogged from sludge and doesn't work properly. This is usually a result of sending items that should not be sent into the tank. The filter can not withstand such heavy use and it starts to malfunction. The filter can be cleaned, but use it as a note for the future to be more careful.
The most common issue is when the tank backs up either into the house or puddles around the house. This is a result of too much usage in a short period of time. Stagger your water and sewage usage!
By having a septic system you save yourself from paying sewage on your water bill. The money you save goes to the yearly maintenance. This comes out roughly the same amount so you won't be out any more money than if you were connected to the city's sewer system. This applies to both residential septic systems and commercial septic systems.
How to tell if you have a septic tank system?
If one does not know if they have an underground septic tank then these are the signs pointing to one. There will be no water meter on your waterline. There will be a $0 sewage charge on your water bill. You use well water (this is not a guarantee). Your neighbors use septic systems. It says on your building records or blueprints.
Use only a knowledgeable and reputable septic company to inspect and drain your septic tank. This ensures that your system is kept in the best condition possible. You do not want to have to replace your septic tank prematurely, it is a very costly expense! Here at All Septic New Jersey, we recommend yearly septic inspections to make sure everything is in proper working order. We suggest pumping the tank every 3-5 years unless you have a high level of usage.
Some common misconceptions surrounding Septic Systems.
* Pumping the tank will fix a clog or blockage in the pipes.
Pumping the tank may gain you a few days until the pipes back up again but without cleaning and fixing the pipes, they will fail again as soon as the tank refills.
* You need to pump the tank when it is full.
The septic tank is generally full to the level at which the outlet pipes are. This should be about 4 inches from the top. This is normal and means the tank is working properly.
* Using cleaning agents will help the system work better.
Most cleaning agents will only harm the system by destroying the crucial bacteria which break down the organic materials in the effluent. This will create more sludge at the bottom of the tank thereby accelerating the need to pump out the tank. It can only also do damage to the pipes creating blockages or holes.
Our office is located at 11 Ryans Way in Jackson NJ 08527